Today, 28 February is “día de andalucía” or “Day of Andalucía” and marks the anniversary of a successful referendum on granting Andalucía its statute of autonomy. That statute created the Junta de Andalucí
a regional authority and its parliament.

Streets in towns and cities across the region are decked with bunting of the Andalucían flag for the day.  

How is the day spent?

Many people spend the day quietly with family or close friends although some organizeparties with traditional music, dancing, food and drink. Some municipalities hold communal meals with traditional foods, drinks and entertainment. Local politicians may present citizens with certificates or medals for service to the community.

Public Life

The Day of Andalucía is a public holiday and many businesses and organizations are closed. Most shops are also closed but some bakers and food stores may be open. Public transport services generally run to a reduced schedule.

As February 28 falls on a Thursday this year many businesses and organizations are also closed on Friday. The Day of Andalucía is not a public holiday in the rest of Spain.

Background

The autonomous community of Andalucía shares international land borders with Portugal and Gibraltar. Within Spain, it borders the autonomous communities of Castile-La Mancha, Extremadura and Murcia. People in Andalucía voted for the region to become an autonomous community of Spain on February 28, 1980 however the Spanish Parliament only accepted Andalucía as an historic nationality in 2006.

Symbols

Andalucía’s flag is widely displayed on the Day of Andalucía. It consists of three equal horizontal bars. The top and lower bars are dark green, and the middle bar is white. Andalucía’s coat of arms is at the centre of the flag. Andalucía’s coat of arms consists of an image of the mythical Greek hero Heracles between two columns. The columns represent the Pillars of Heracles. These are the rocks on either side of the Straits of Gibraltar.